Use of Learning Strategies and their Effects on English Language Learning of Thai Adult Learners

Authors

ผศ.ดร.กษมา สุวรรณรักษ์

Published

3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies

Abstract

This research aims to explore what a repertoire of learning strategies of Thai EFL students are, how they
transfer those strategies to English learning, and to what degree the strategies are beneficial for their English
learning achievement. The effects of strategy instruction on the students’ awareness of the language learning
strategies are highlighted. Differences of strategy types and frequency of strategy use in different groups of low
and high strategy users as well as high and low achievers of English language learning are identified. The study
employs a mixed-methods research methodology. The quantitative data are collected through a 40-item general
learning strategies questionnaire. The participants are 219 undergraduate students enrolling for a foundation
English course. The qualitative data are derived from 32 student participants voluntarily taking part in semistructured interviews. The quantitative findings show that there is no significant difference on the strategies
used for general learning and English learning. The students transfer their repertoire of learning strategies as a
primary learning tool to contend with their English learning. There is positive correlation between the learning
strategy use and the English learning achievement. The strategy instruction does not show a significant increase
in strategy use. High and low achieving students use similar learning strategies; nevertheless, the frequency of
learning strategy use and by what means they use the strategy signifies different types of language learners. The
qualitative findings are complemented and help extend the quantitative data. Implications of the study
concerning pedagogy in particular suggest a new perspective for the EFL Thai teachers in implementing
suitable learning strategies for the students to learn more successfully.

(2019). Use of Learning Strategies and their Effects on English Language Learning of Thai Adult Learners . 3L: The Southeast Asian Journal of English Language Studies, 25(4), 99-120.