The environmental life-cycle assessment of agricultural sector in Thailand: EIO-LCA approach

Authors

รศ.ดร.อาวีวรรณ ปัญญาโกเมศ

Published

Environmental Quality Management

Abstract

Agriculture is one of the major sectors in Thailand, with more than half of the population employed in agriculture‐related occupations. This study evaluated energy consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of the Thai agricultural sector by applying the economic input–output life cycle assessment (EIO‐LCA) approach. The model evaluates the entire agricultural sector supply chain. Based on one million Thai baht (approximately $27,800 U.S. dollars) final demand of the rice paddy sector, the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from the electricity sector are responsible for 27% (1,246 kilograms [kg] CO2) of the total CO2 emissions, whereas the emissions from paddy activities associated with the fertilizers and pesticides sector account for 16% (760 kg CO2) and 11% (513 kg CO2), respectively. The top three largest GHG emissions from the total agricultural sector supply chain are associated with the oil palm, the coffee and tea, and the fruit sectors. The government should promote and encourage sustainable agriculture by reducing the use of fertilizers and pesticides and by utilizing energy‐saving technologies.

กระบวนการเปลี่ยนแปลงสื่อพื้นบ้านการฟ้อนเล็บฟ้อนเทียน. นิด้า, การประชุมสัมมนาวิชาการระดับชาติ ประจำปี 2559 (190-210).