RETHINKING LEGAL MEASURES AGAINST MARINE PLASTIC DEBRIS POLLUTION CRISIS IN THE ASEAN REGION

Authors

ผศ.ดร.เกียรติพร อำไพ

Published

The Proceedings of the ninth International Conference on Advancement of Development Administration 2020

Abstract

This paper aims to study how international marine environmental law, mechanism, and

strengthening regional cooperation among member states to combat marine plastic pollu-
tion in the ASEAN. According to the 34th ASEAN Summit in Bangkok, Thailand on 22

June 2019, ASEAN Member States agreed and concluded the Bangkok Declaration on
Combatting Marine Debris in the ASEAN Region to protect marine environments from

marine plastic pollution for ensuring the sustainable use of marine resources by imple-
menting the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goal 14 and its

target 14.1 which stipulates to prevent and significantly reduce debris marine pollution.
While, the international marine environmental law stipulates state parties’ obligation shall
take all measures to prevent, reduce, and control marine plastic pollution from all incidents
and activities under their jurisdiction. However, the legal status and the questions on the
implementation of the Framework of Action of Bangkok Declaration of Marine Debris
Pollution are not legally binding among member states. The ultimate goals of this study
are: (1) promote regional and national policy and to develop a regional action plan on

combating, preventing, and reduction of marine debris, (2) encourage the ASEAN Mem-
ber States to implement international environmental laws and agreement related to waste

control and management, (3) strengthen national capacities to develop and implement na-
tional action plans, and revise the ASEAN member states’ domestic laws and regulations

to prevent and protect marine natural resources from land-based pollution sources and ac-
tivities to the ocean, especially, civil penalty measures must be seriously enforced, (4) in-
crease tax consumption on plastic production and packaging.

RETHINKING LEGAL MEASURES AGAINST MARINE PLASTIC DEBRIS POLLUTION CRISIS IN THE ASEAN REGION. NIDA, ICADA 2020 (51-62).