PUBLIC PARTICIPAITON AS A NEW CONFLCIT RESOLUTION APPROACH IN THAILAND

Authors

ผศ.ดร.จุฑารัตน์ ชมพันธุ์

Published

Humanities and Social Sciences Review

Abstract

Over the past four decades, a rapid economic growth and industrialization have been
cased natural resource degradation, environmental pollutions and health impacts in
Thailand. These create environmental controversies across the country. Presently,
Thailand is facing many environmental conflicts from developing large scale project.
Many development projects are delayed or postponed because of the public
opposition. To solve the problems, public participation in Environmental Impact
Assessment should be strongly established. Although, public participation has become
an essential element of environmental decision-making and has grown considerably in
Thailand, it frequently fails to solve environmental conflicts. A case study approach
was selected for this research. One case of Thailand’s power plant project
controversies is central to this study. Environmental laws and regulations relating to
public participation practice in the Thai EIA system were studied and examined. The
study revealed that the requirements for public participation in environmental
management function have been marked in the 2007 Thai Constitution. However, the
current practice of public participation in the EIA system has not been successfully
established. Thai government prefers a top-down approach to handle environmental
conflicts which noticeably ineffective. This leads to a critical problem in project
implementation and environmental sustainability. As a result, Thai people call for
meaningful participation in the decision-making processes concerning highly
controversial issues of development activities. They realize that public participation
should play an important role in environmental conflict resolution. It could be said
that where public participation is overlooked or inappropriately conducted,
environmental conflicts may be created.

(2558). PUBLIC PARTICIPAITON AS A NEW CONFLCIT RESOLUTION APPROACH IN THAILAND. Humanities and Social Sciences Review, 2558(2165-6258), 141-146.