Mahayana and Taoism Beliefs of Thai-Chinese in Samutprakarn Province: The Perspective from Chinese Vegetarian Hall

Authors

อ.ดร.พัชรินรุจา จันทโรนานนท์, รศ.ดร.พรพรรณ จันทโรนานนท์

Published

Proceeding of The Sixth Chinese-Thai Strategic Research Seminar The Belt and Road and Thailand 4.0 : Towards Common Prosperity

Abstract

Samutprakarn is an important city situated on the delta of Chaopraya River. It was of great economic importance since ancient time because it served as a resting spot for ships to transport their goods to sell in Ayutthaya and Bangkok. Therefore, this city was very important and highly developed even before it was made into a province. Many Chinese people who made Paknam their home back in the days created a total of 3 small Chinese cities in Paknam sub district. As for Chinese communities in other districts in the province, the Chinese vegetarian hall or shrine would act as the centers of the communities. Religious beliefs of Chinese people in Thailand were brought over from their homeland. When they moved to Samutprakarn, those beliefs were clearly displayed by having Chinese vegetarian halls or shrines in every community. As for their religious belief, even if it was the “San Jiao” (三教) style (meaning a mixture of Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism) which started before the Yuan dynasty and later spread to the southern region of China and thus had an effect on Chinese diaspora, the Chinese vegetarian halls and shrines in Samutprakarn did not display a clear “San Jiao” style if the worship statues were taken into account. Rather, religious practices of the Chinese vegetarian halls and shrines showed that no Chinese vegetarian hall was strictly following Mahayana Buddhism and was strictly following Taoism. This is because the mixture of beliefs in the “San Jiao” style which means there is a mix of Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism and Confucianism in some Chinese vegetarian halls or there is a mix of Hinayana Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism and Taoism and Confucianism in some vegetarian halls too.

patent knowledge discovery using data analytics. singapore, ICIT 2017 (42-46).