Globalization, Political Institutions, and Social Spending on Human Capital Upgrading in ASEAN

Authors

ศ.ดร.พลภัทร บุราคม

Published

Asian Politics & Policy

Abstract

Most of the middle-income ASEAN member countries have extensively expanded their social protection and service systems during the past three to four decades. Recent studies on globalization have largely argued that increased exposure to the global economy strengthens the demand for social policy and spending to expand human capabilities. However, empirical tests on the effects of globalization on social policy have been inconclusive. It is shown in this paper that the effect of globalization on social policy and spending in ASEAN is conditioned by domestic political institutions. Greater openness to international trade, together with democratic openings, provides strong incentives for greater attention to social policy and issues. Further openness to intraregional and interregional trade and the strengthening of democratic institutions, therefore, could increase pressure on the human capital upgrading of ASEAN member countries.

(2564). Globalization, Political Institutions, and Social Spending on Human Capital Upgrading in ASEAN. Asian Politics & Policy, 13(3), 385-407.