A Study of Attribution for Success and Failure in English Communication Skills of Thai EFL Adult Learners in Bangkok

Authors

รศ.ดร.กษมา สุวรรณรักษ์, น.ส.อนาตี อัลดุลเลาะห์

Published

์NIDA Journal of Language and Communication

Abstract

This study investigated potential causes of success and failure of Thai employees (EFL adult learners) using four skills of English for communicating in workplaces based on the framework of Weiner’s Attribution Theory (1985). Twenty Thai EFL adult learners gave reasons through self-evaluation whether they successfully attained their career goals. The participants were also asked to discuss important factors that help to develop their communicative competence in workplaces. A qualitative questionnaire and an in-depth interview were used for gaining such insight. Ability, effort, task difficulty, luck, interest, confidence, social factors, and cultural factors were found as causal attributions. There are six factors considered as attributions of success in using English for communication at work. Internal factors concerned ability, effort, interest, and confidence, whereas external factors concerned society and culture. Seven factors were revealed as attributions of failure in using English for communication at work. Ability, effort, interest, and confidence were internal factors, whereas external factors were task difficulty, social factors, and luck. The participants also suggested that in order to boost English communication success, factors such as effort and social factors must be involved. English training classes provided by organizations were highlighted. Spending more time learning English outside of work whether formally at language schools or informally in free time was also emphasized as paths to success.

(2564). A Study of Attribution for Success and Failure in English Communication Skills of Thai EFL Adult Learners in Bangkok. ์NIDA Journal of Language and Communication, 26(-), 69-86.