รัฐบาลอิเล็กทรอนิกส์: ความพยายามในการยกระดับธรรมาภิบาล

Authors

ผศ.ร.ต.ดร.ณัฐกริช เปาอินทร์

Published

วารสาร การเมือง การบริหาร และกฎหมาย

Abstract

There is the discrepancy among scholars whether electronic government is the key influence to attain the higher level of governance for the country worldwide. This research aimed to replicate on questions regarding to whether solely electronic government system can improve the governance or not. If not solely, what the other predictors are. Data analysis in this research is quantitative research methods with both descriptive and inferential statistics on 138 countries worldwide as the unit of analysis in the data retrieved from various reliable sources. After analyzing data via ordinary least squares estimation and two-stage least squares estimation, this research finds that solely implementing electronic government cannot achieve the goal of increasing level of governance; nevertheless, other instruments must be incorporate into the electronic government development as the pre-condition of the system as well. These instrumental variables include economic conditions, human resource management, capacity in administration, and safety of the system. Also, there is a covariation between electronic government development and fundamental rights of the society, as control variable in this regard, on level of governance as the dependent variable, which in turn having the positive impacts on the higher level of the governance. Finally, political regime type as the dummy variable explains the different between level of governance after considering these two predictors, electronic government development and fundamental rights of the society that full democratic countries tend to have higher governance level comparing with other regime types including (i) flawed democracy, (ii) hybrid regime, and (iii) authoritarian regime at the same level of electronic government development.

(2560). รัฐบาลอิเล็กทรอนิกส์: ความพยายามในการยกระดับธรรมาภิบาล. วารสาร การเมือง การบริหาร และกฎหมาย, 9(2), 37-79.