ผลกระทบของการใช้จ่ายงบประมาณภาครัฐต่อความ เหลื่อมล้ำทางเศรษฐกิจของไทย

Authors

รศ.ดร.มนตรี โสคติยานุรักษ์, นายเบญจพล เรียบร้อย

Published

วารสารการเมือง การบริหาร และกฎหมาย

Abstract

The Study of “Impact of Government Expenditure on Economic Inequality in Thailand” aims to analyze how does government spending can reduce economic inequality? Also, to analyze does democratic government, decentralization to local administrations and transparency in government administration affect to economic inequality? This study collected secondary data over 16 years from 2000 to 2015 and using multiple regression analysis. The findings show that; First, the variables that increased economic inequality were the Public Health Expenditures, the Education Expenditures, the Expenditure that allocated to local administrations, Democratic Government, and the Corruption Perceptions Index. Second, the variables that decreased economic inequality were the Housing and Community Expenditures, the Public Health Expenditures, the Social Welfare Expenditures, and the Corruption Perceptions Index. Finally, the variables that both increased and decreased economic inequality were the Public Health Expenditures, and the Corruption Perceptions Index. The policy recommendations from this study; First, the government should increase the proportion of the Housing and Community Expenditures, the Public Health Expenditures, and the Social Welfare Expenditures to reduce economic inequality. Second, the government should enforce the law to fight corruption seriously. Third, the government should allocate Educational Expenditures to the underprivileged in the society through various budgetary measures such as spend on educational scholarship, and support local administrations. Fourth, the government should monitor the spending of local administrations seriously. Finally, the civil society should call for the government to set policies that can help reduce economic inequality such as inheritance taxation policy, land taxation policy, policy to expand educational opportunities for the underprivileged in society, and monitor policy implementation closely.

(2562). ผลกระทบของการใช้จ่ายงบประมาณภาครัฐต่อความ เหลื่อมล้ำทางเศรษฐกิจของไทย. วารสารการเมือง การบริหาร และกฎหมาย, 11(2), 555-582.