ความสุขของแรงงานไทยมาจากอะไร?: ผลกระทบของสถานะทางเศรษฐกิจและสังคม ความสมดุลของงานและชีวิต และสุขภาพจิตที่มีต่อระดับความสุข

Authors

ผศ.ดร.อานนท์ ศักดิ์วรวิชญ์

Published

วารสารพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to examine the factors affecting the
happiness of the Thai workforce and to investigate the relationships among
happiness and socioeconomic status (SES), work-life balance (WLB), mental health
(MH), family satisfaction (FS), and community satisfaction (CS). Happiness consists
of three main components: life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect.
MH is comprised of two components, which are mental capacity (coping ability) and
mental quality (kindness and altruism). SES is a composite indicator of education and
income. The secondary data used in this research were obtained from the National
Statistics Office of Thailand. The samples were 8,585 voluntary respondents aged 15
years and over. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM)
with AMOS version 23 in order to examine the relationships among the factors
affecting happiness. The findings revealed that happiness was significantly correlated with SES, MH, FS, WLB, and CS at .32, .31, .22, .14 and .08, respectively. The total effects
of SES, MH, FS, WLB, and CS on happiness were .35, .306, .316, .165, and .216.
The results also suggested that SES, MH, and FS were highly correlated with the
happiness of the Thai workforce while WLB and CS had rather low correlations
with happiness. Mental health, comprised of coping ability, kindness, and altruism,
played an important role as a partial mediator between happiness and all affecting
factors. There was a high statistically significant relationship between FS and CS with
a covariance of 0.34. Moreover, the developed SEM model of happiness was proved
to be able to predict happiness at an acceptable level of 40% (R2 = 0.4).

(2560). ความสุขของแรงงานไทยมาจากอะไร?: ผลกระทบของสถานะทางเศรษฐกิจและสังคม ความสมดุลของงานและชีวิต และสุขภาพจิตที่มีต่อระดับความสุข. วารสารพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์, 57(4), 48-80.