Policy Corruption is normally caused by the use of administrative power and
exploitation of legal loopholes, since the beginning of stage of policy formulation
initiated by political parties, or by the Executive Branch through the exploitation of
legal loopholes on policy implementation, until the stage of policy implementation
through the operation of public projects that fulfil one’s personal gains or benefits for
their peers and cause damages to the country. This is an increasing problem found in
Thailand which causes substantial damages to its economic and social developments.
It shows that Thailand still lacks effective mechanisms to prevent policy corruption.
Due to this reasons, this study is conducted with an aim to design a system and to develop a mechanism to prevent policy corruption that covers all policy stages starting
from policy formation process, policy decision making, policy implementation, until
policy evaluation. In order to fulfil such objective, this study uses qualitative research
approach that is divided into five steps: documentary research on relevant laws of
Thailand and of other countries; case studies; focus group discussion; in-depth
interviews; hearing of opinions regarding the draft of the study.
It is found from this study that policy corruption is associated with the activities
of Executive Power, or the executives of the organisations which serves their personal
interests or creates conflict of interests. Policy corruption is caused by the exercise of
the power of project proposal or the project implementation or any other activities
which results in fulfilment of personal gains from such project or activity and causes
damage to the country. This can occur in every stage of the policy process. The
researcher, therefore, proposes that policy corruption prevention measures should be
in place. These include empowering the Election Commission of Thailand (ECT),
political parties and the people to prevent policy corruption at the policy formation
stage, enhancing the capacities of the Parliamentary Budget Office to perform its duty
by providing information to the Parliament during the budget approval consideration
stage and the budget control stage, as well as using Comprehensive Budget as a way to
review the policy at the policy decision-making stage, enhancing the policy corruption
prevention roles of the National Anti-corruption Commission (NACC) as the main organ
in preventing, inspecting and suppressing policy corruption, as well as integrating the
cooperation with relevant entities in order to effectively implement the system and
mechanisms of policy corruption prevention.
(2563). การสังเคราะห์การทุจริตเชิงนโยบายเพื่อการออกแบบระบบและพัฒนากลไกการสกัดกั้นการทุจริตเชิงนโญบายของไทย. วารสารวิชาการ ป.ป.ช., 13(2), 91-117.