การลักลอบค้าสัตว์ป่าผิดกฎหมายบนสื่อสังคมออนไลน์ในประเทศไทย

Authors

นายวสวัตติ์ กฤษศิริสวัสดิ์, รศ.ดร.วิชชุดา สร้างเอี่ยม

Published

โอกาสและความท้าทายใหม่ : อุดมศึกษาใหม่สู่โลกเสมือนจริง

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to understand patterns and mechanisms of illegal wildlife trade on social media in Thailand, as well as to demonstrate that social media remain an important platform as wildlife trafficking is still prevalent in Thailand. The study method was to collect data from illegal wildlife trade posts in pet trading groups on Facebook and combine with data from an in-depth interview of the Wild Hawk Unit—a specialized taskforce under the Department of National Parks, Wildlife and Plant Conservation—to draw causal factors as needed for analysis and discussion. We monitored eight pet trading groups on Facebook for one year period and recorded 248 trading posts of mammals which are protected wild animals according to Wildlife Conservation and Protection Act: 192 selling posts (77.6%) from 26 individual sellers and 56 buying posts (22.4%) from 54 individual buyers. We estimated that 270 individuals from 13 species were traded with prices ranged from 1,200 – 60,000 Thai baht per individual. Small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinerea) accounted for most of the posts. The geographic locations of the highest prevalence rate of selling posts are Narathiwat and Yala provinces. The results are just a study of social facts in the internet world, and we were unable to confirm the accuracy of the collected data. In addition, duplicate posts were also included in this analysis. As a result, there is likely a gross overestimation of illegal wildlife trade on social media. Although the appearance of the Wild Hawk unit and stiffer punishments today would be an effective solution to combat wildlife crime, the results of this study indicate that social media can be used to facilitate the wildlife trafficking. Moreover, wildlife traffickers also learned from experience and adapt their strategies to a changing context to avoid and minimize the chances of being arrested by authorities. Therefore, it is important that government agencies should understand change in mechanisms, trends, current situations, and key factors of illegal wildlife trade on social media and should also build strong partnerships with social media organizations to enhance collaborative problem-solving approaches and provide potential strategic approaches for combating illegal wildlife trade on social media.

การลักลอบค้าสัตว์ป่าผิดกฎหมายบนสื่อสังคมออนไลน์ในประเทศไทย. โรงแรมเรือรัษฎา จังหวัดตรัง, การประชุมวิชาการระดับชาติ ปอมท. ประจำปี 2565 (225-243).