การมีส่วนร่วมของประชาชนในการประเมินผลกระทบสิ่งแวดล้อมและสุขภาพ กรณีศึกษา โครงการนิคมอุตสาหกรรมระยอง (บ้านค่าย) จังหวัดระยอง

Authors

ผศ.ดร.จุฑารัตน์ ชมพันธุ์, น.ส.ศิริกัญญา เชาวมัย

Published

Research and Development Journal Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University

Abstract

In the past, natural resources in Thailand have been used as main budget in activities and projects for the development of the nation’s economy and industry, especially large development projects that have significant impact on the environment and that cause severe health problems to the people in that project areas and lead to environment conflicts between the project developer and the affected people in the area. This research aims to study the public participation in environmental and health impact assessment of the Rayong Industrial Estate Project (Ban Khai), to analyze the success factors, problems and obstacles, and to recommend approaches to encourage and support the public participation in environmental and health impact assessment of the project. The CIPP-I Model was applied in this study, along with semi-structured interviews with stakeholders and the study of relevant documents. The results found that the public participation in environmental and health impact assessment of the project according to CIPP-I Model were as follows. In the context of the project, the process of preparing the report is quite and takes a long time to process. In terms of the input, most local people were lack knowledge and understanding about public participation in environmental and health impact assessment. In addition, local people did not receive sufficient information on the project and the data of the project cannot be easily accessed. Public participation technique is not appropriate and does not includes all stakeholders. In terms of the process, the public hearing process were set up, but people could not effectively participate in the forum. In terms of the product, the opinions/suggestions of the stakeholders were taken into consideration process of project implementing; however, the project developer did not inform to the local people how it was deployed. In terms of the impact, the stakeholders though that the public participation in environmental and health impact assessment could reduce conflicts. In terms of affecting factors to the success of public participation in environmental and health impact assessment process, it was found that the project developer should apply public participation techniques that fit with the nature of local people and should provide accurate information to the public. While local people should have sufficient knowledge about public participation process in environmental and health impact assessment. In terms of the problems or obstacles, it was found that most local people were lack of knowledge and understanding about public participation in environmental and health impact assessment. Recommendations to encourage and support effective public participation in environmental and health impact assessment was that the government should provide training about public participation for local people. Project developer should reveal the information, including the opportunity for the people to comment and should select the public participation technique that fit with the context. The public should learn more about the law and the process of environmental and health impact assessment.

(2561). การมีส่วนร่วมของประชาชนในการประเมินผลกระทบสิ่งแวดล้อมและสุขภาพ กรณีศึกษา โครงการนิคมอุตสาหกรรมระยอง (บ้านค่าย) จังหวัดระยอง. Research and Development Journal Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University, 2018(2), 71-87.