การพัฒนาแหล่งน้ำในไร่นาตามปรัชญาของเศรษฐกิจพอเพียง

Authors

ผศ.ดร.ฆริกา คันธา

Published

ร่างบทความการประชุมวิชาการระดับชาติเนื่องในโอกาสครบรอบปีที่ 51 ปี แห่งการสถาปนา สถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์

Abstract

Development of farm ponds in Thailand has been initiated since 2005 mainly by
Land Development Department under Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives. Farmers
receive partially financial supports from Thai government. There are procedures to select
farmers and locations of farm ponds. These farm ponds support secure water management
for human use and some food crops during dry period. It increases agricultural products and
opportunities to cultivate. Farmers earn more income and live in accordance with
Philosophy of efficiency economy; sufficiency, participation and resilience.
This study aims to give recommendations for present development of water
resources by literature review and analysis by SWOT and TOWS Matrix. It is found that there
are needs of farm ponds for agricultural activities in non-irrigated areas. The peasants are
satisfied with the farm pond development project. However, it was found that responsible
agencies should develop guidelines for qualifying the farmers’ readiness and water retention
clearly and effectively. Moreover, the evaluation of potential to hold water is crucial for
further steps. Meanwhile, the financial supports or mechanism for less reliance on
government budgets should be supported. Building capacity on farm pond maintenance and
philosophy of sufficient economy, and farm pond performance evaluation should be
completed to support the use of farm ponds in the long run.
Farm ponds together with integrated agriculture have been developed and used in
different places. The accomplishments are presented and discussed in the paper. Theses
successful practices show that farm ponds are not only important for food and water
security in agricultural sector, but also play important role on living being, cultural landscape
and disaster prevention. To accomplish the farm pond development related to Philosophy
of sufficient economy, the context of each area and public participation are the most crucial
factor with steady supports from government in macro-level and in financial aspects.

การพัฒนาแหล่งน้ำในไร่นาตามปรัชญาของเศรษฐกิจพอเพียง. สถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์, การประชุมวิชาการระดับชาติเนื่องในโอกาสครบรอบปีที่ 51 ปี แห่งการสถาปนา สถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์ (718-737).