The Declaration of Assets and Liabilities of politicians and public officials is an important tool for preventing and combating corruption. Under the Organic Act on Anti-Corruption, B.E. 2542 (1999), politicians and public officials are obliged to submit an account showing their assets and liabilities and to disclose that account to the public. At present, it has been found that several politicians and public officials have intentionally failed to submit an account declaring a list of assets and liabilities or have intentionally elected to submit an account declaring a list of assets and liabilities containing false statements or concealing facts that should be reported to the NACC. Further, it has been acknowledged that many of the assets declaration reports have been left unverified by the NACC, thus making the system ineffective. Therefore, this article presents the results of the Declaration of Assets and Liabilities system.
This study found that in order to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the assets declaration system, Organic Act on Anti-Corruption should make it compulsory for all types of public officials to submit an account showing the particulars of their assets and liabilities. Moreover, the system should be changed to verify all doubted accounts in the system and those for positions with a high risk of conflict of interest. The deployment of information technology in the asset declaration system, especially for the filing andthe verification processes as well as for linking information from other government agencies and private organizations, should increase the efficacy of the system. The disclosure of accounts showing particular assets and liabilities should be required from everyone who is holding a political position and from every public official so that the public is empowered to examine the disclosed information. Following these recommendations will lead to the increased efficiency and effectiveness of the verification system.
(2561). การพัฒนารูปแบบและวิธีการเพิ่มประสิทธิภาพและประสิทธิผลของระบบตรวจสอบทรัพย์สินและหนี้สิน. วารสารนิติศาสตร์ , 47(3), 647-682.