การประเมินสิ่งแวดล้อมระดับยุทธศาสตร์ในประเทศไทย

Authors

ศ.ดร.จำลอง โพธิ์บุญ

Published

Journal of Community Development Research (Humanities and Social Science)

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the history and current situation of the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in Thailand as well as the barriers in implementing, to analyze the environment of SEA and propose ways of development of the SEA in Thailand. The primary data were collected by interviewing three groups of key informants including senior government officers, environmental consulting firms, and academics. The secondary data from relevant documents were also studied. The data were analyzed by applying SWOT Analysis and TOWS Matrix. The findings revealed that Thailand had adopted the SEA concept as an important tool in development planning at the policy level to integrate the environmental, social, economic and technological dimensions to achieve sustainable development, and to bridge the gaps of the EIA system at project level. Nevertheless, there were still several barriers. Based on the SWOT analysis, it was found that the strengths were all sectors had begun to see the SEA as a guideline for implementing their development plans and people in the areas had begun to take part in the process. The weaknesses were lacking of a central organization for SEA development, insufficiency of personnel, experts and budgets, inadequacy of understanding about the SEA, and inadequacy of the data. The opportunity was the government recognized the importance and promoted the adoption of SEA in development process. The threats were unclear legislation and unclear determining of plans, programs and projects that need SEA. Suggestions for the development of SEA in Thailand include 1) develop a specific legislation for the SEA, 2) assign the Office of the National Economic and Social Development Board to be the agency primarily responsible for the SEA development, 3) develop SEA experts and practitioners, 4) improve SEA practice manual that is appropriate with Thailand’s context, and 5) build knowledge and correct understanding, raise awareness and participation in the SEA process in all sectors.

(2561). การประเมินสิ่งแวดล้อมระดับยุทธศาสตร์ในประเทศไทย. Journal of Community Development Research (Humanities and Social Science), 11(2), 90-100.