การบริหารราชการบนพื้นฐานหลักปรัชญาของเศรษฐกิจพอเพียง

Authors

ดร.กัลยาณี เสนาสุ, อ.ดร.บงกช เจนจรัสสกุล

Published

The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS)

Abstract

This research investigates public administration based on the Sufficiency
Economy Philosophy (SEP) of public organizations in central and regional agencies
and develops guidelines for public orgazations to enhance their administration based
on SEP. Triangulation was adopted to collect both secondary documents and primary
data. Primary data was obtained from in-depth interviews of top and middle
management; focus-group discussions and written answers to related questions from
middle management, supervisors and staff from eight departments under the Ministry
of Agriculture and Cooperatives. The data were collected in Bangkok, Kanchanaburi,
Khon Kaen, Chiang Mai, Rayong, and Surat Thani. Systematic analysis was
conducted using content analysis and descriptive statistics.
Based on the results of the study, the researchers developed a Sufficiency
Economy Model for public organizations. There are four dimensions in this model: 1)
policy and planning; 2) systematic and transparent management; 3) competent and
virtuous staff; and 4) benefits to a society and people in the country at last.
Additionally, there are two evaluation factors for each dimension with each evaluation
factor having three levels of intensity in implementation. The basic level, called
“Partial Practice”, refers to an agency that exhibits sustainability; the second level,
called “Comprehension”, refers to an agency that exhibits happiness; and the top level,
called “Inspiration”, refers to an agency that exhibits both usefullness and happiness
to all others.
The results for 45 agencies reveal that 34 agencies performed at the basic level
of SEP (Partial Practice), while the remaining 11 agencies showed some aspects of
this level. Generally, those 11 agencies showed a lack in the 4th dimension – change
responsiveness. Besides revealing a basic level of SEP, some agencies indicated
certain degree of performance in some aspects of the middle level of SEP
(Comprehension), and a few aspects of the top level of SEP (Inspiration).
Some suggestions were given by executives and staff on how to enhance their
administration based on the sufficiency economy philosophy. First; policy, strategy,
guidelines, and indicators of administration based on SEP should be clearly
designated. Second, leaders should be role models, manage efficiently and transparently, and gain involvement from every level of staff. Thirdly, management
should give a priority to institutionalizing SEP among both existing and new staff.
Lastly, projects or activities that promote SEP should be conducted.
The researchers propose two policy recommendations. First, to ensure that the
work of every agency is based on SEP, the government or policy makers should make
a master plan to guide implementation. Additionally, they should provide details of
practices and use the SEP model developed in this study to evaluate and monitor
public administration in all agencies. Secondly, the public sector should learn to more
effectively respond to rapid changes. The public sector needs to develop their staff so
that they have the necessary skills to carry out the duties and mission of the various
ministries in the 21st century. These skills include analysis, synthesis, creativity, and
information system management. According to the SEP, the institutionalization of
virtue in the public sector is essential in order to attain sustainability, happiness, and
both usefullness and happiness to all others from public sector administration.

การบริหารราชการบนพื้นฐานหลักปรัชญาของเศรษฐกิจพอเพียง. The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS), The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) (1-20).